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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Day 6, Java Holiday Calendar 2016, Lazy

6. Be Lazy With Java 8




Today's tips is about lazy initialization. Sometimes, we want our classes to do only what is absolutely necessary and nothing more. Immutable classes are particularly good candidates for laziness. Speedment, a Stream ORM Java Toolkit and Runtime, is using Lazy internally and you can find the complete Lazy source code here. Its free so steal it!

By copying this small Lazy class:

public final class Lazy<T> {

    private volatile T value;

    public T getOrCompute(Supplier<T> supplier) {
        final T result = value;  // Read volatile just once...
        return result == null ? maybeCompute(supplier) : result;
    }

    private synchronized T maybeCompute(Supplier<T> supplier) {
        if (value == null) {
            value = requireNonNull(supplier.get());
        }
        return value;
    }

}

You Can Do This:

public class Point {

    private final int x, y;
    private final Lazy<String> lazyToString;

    public Point(int x, int y) {
        this.x = x; 
        this.y = y;
        lazyToString = new Lazy<>();
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return lazyToString.getOrCompute( () -> "(" + x + ", " + y + ")");
    }

    // The calculation of the toString value is only done once
    // regardless if toString() is called one or several times.
    //
    // If toString() is never called, then the toString value is never
    // calculated.

}

Read more in the original article at http://minborgsjavapot.blogspot.com/2016/01/be-lazy-with-java-8.html

Follow the Java Holiday Calendar 2016 with small tips and tricks all the way through the winter holiday season.

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